World Food Prize 2020 (Ask in JRF / SRF / IBPS AFO / NABARD Exam)

Eminent Indian-American soil scientist Dr. Rattan Lal won the prestigious World Food Prize 2020
Dr. RATTAN LAL 
"l BELIEVE SOIL IS A LIVING THING. THAT'S WHAT SOIL HEALTH MEANS, SOIL IS LIFE. EVERY LIVING THING HAS RIGHTS. THEREFORE, SOIL ALSO HAS RIGHTS."  
Dr. Rattan Lal was born in 1944 in Karyal in West Punjab, which is now in Pakistan. In 1947, when India gained independenceDr. Lal’s family resettled as refugees in Rajaund, Haryana. His father farmed a few acres, using traditional farming methods. Dr. Lal completed his initial education from Punjab Agricultural University and earned his M.Sc. at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi.In 1965, he left for Ohio State University to pursue his PhD. Later, his career took him to posts in Australia and Nigeria while leading soil restoration projects in Asia, Africa and Latin America.Dr Lal,  is currently the professor of soil science at Ohio State University and founding director of the university’s Carbon Management and Sequestration Center
Dr. Rattan Lal, native of India and a citizen of the United States, receive the 2020 World Food Prize for developing and mainstreaming a soil-centric approach t
  • increasing food production that restores and conserves natural resources and mitigates climate change.
  • Over his career spanning more than five decades and four continents, Dr. Lal has promoted soil-saving techniques benefiting more than 500 million smallholder farmers. 
  • Improving the food security and livelihoods of more than two billion people and saving hundreds of millions of hectares of natural tropical ecosystems.
  • Dr. Lal was awarded $250,000, which he said he will donate for future soil research and education
  • Dr. Lal's research in soil science (Innovative soil-saving techniques)
    • Shows that the solution to this problem is right under our feet. 
    • He's helping the earth's estimated 500 million small farmers be faithful stewards of their land through improved management, less soil degradation, and the recycling of nutrients.
    • Improved the food and nutritional security of more than two billion people and saved hundreds of millions of hectares of natural tropical ecosystems
    • "Sustainable management of soil and agriculture is also essential to keeping global temperatures within the safe range and restoring the environment." [Source: https://www.agricoachingdelhi.in/]
  • Research in soil science for research that improves 
    • Soil health 
    • Enhances agricultural production 
    • Nutritional quality of food 
    • Restores the environment  
    • Mitigates climate change
  • Dr Lal’s model (increases grain yield, decreases land area used) 
    • Dr Lal’s model indicates that restoring soil health can lead to multiple benefits by the year 2100, including more than doubling the global annual grain yield to feed the growing world population, while decreasing the land area under grain cultivation by 30 per cent and decreasing fertiliser use by half.
    • led to improved food production along with a better understanding of how atmospheric carbon can be held in the soil to help combat climate change.
  • Imp. Note for Exam Point [Source: https://www.agricoachingdelhi.in/]
  • The World Food Prize was established by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Norman Borlaug in 1986
  • The first recipient of this award was Indian agricultural scientist Dr M.S. Swaminathan in 1987, regarded as the father of India’s Green Revolution.
  • World Food Prize 2020 Dr Lal’s said, We must eliminate hunger. We must also make sure that the food consumed is healthy and this is where the concept of healthy soil, plants, animals, people and the environment is a one and indivisible concept.”
[Source: https://www.agricoachingdelhi.in/]