Important International Institutions on Agricultural Research [JRF, SRF, NET, BHU IBPS, ADO]

Important International Institutions on Agricultural Research [Asked in JRF, SRF, NET]

  • AVRDC - Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Taiwan
  • CIAT- Centro International de Agricultura Tropical , Cali, Colombia
  • CIP- International Potato Research Institute, Lima, Peru, South America
  • CIMMYT- International Centre for Maize and Wheat development (Londress, Mexico) [Asked in JRF 2014] 
  • IITA- International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Ibadon in Nigeria, Africa) Source:
  • ICARDA- International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (Aleppo, Syria)
  • ICRISAT- International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics, Pattancheru, Hyderabad, India)
  • IIMI- International Irrigation Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka [Asked in JRF 2016, NET 2017]
  • IRRI - International Rice Research Institute (Los Banos, Philippines)
  • ISNAR - International Service In National Agricultural Research, The Hague, Netherlands [Asked in SRF 2017]
  • WARDA - West African Rice Development Association, Ivory coast, Africa Source:
  • IBPGR - International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy
  • CGIAR - Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Washington DC
  • FAO - Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome
  • WMO- World Meteorological Organization, Vienna


Development of scientific agriculture in India

    Development of scientific agriculture in India
    • Scientific agriculture got momentum in the 19th century itself.
    • Lord Dalhousie period the ‘Upper Bari Doab Canal’ in Punjab was constructed. 
    • In Lord Curzon’s (1898-1905) period, the ‘Great Canal system of Western Punjab’ was constructed. Source:
    • Imperial Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) was started in Pusa in Bihar in 1905. His period is called as ‘Golden period of agriculture’. 
    • Due to earthquake at IARI in Pusa, Bihar it was shifted to New Delhi in 1936 and the place was called with original name Pusa. 
    • In 1926, Royal Commission on Agriculture was setup and was responsible for giving recommendation to dug canals, lay roads, etc. Source:
    • Based upon the recommendation of the Royal Commission, ICAR (Imperial Council of Agricultural Research) was started in 1929 with the objective to conduct agriculture research. 
    • State Agricultural Universities (SAU) were started after 1960s). 
    • ICAR had also started research institutes of its own in different centres in India for various crops. 
    • ICAR is the sole body, which controls all the Agricultural Research Institutes in India. 
    • It paved way for green revolution in India. After 1947, ICAR totally adapted to Land Grant Colleges. Source:
    • In 1962, a Land Grant College was started in Pantnagar (UP). It is the first university with 16,000 acres. First Agricultural University was started at Pantnagar. 
    • High yielding wheat varieties like Kalyansona, Sonalika, Lerma roja and Sonara-64 were introduced. During 1965-66, Green revolution took place in wheat first, next in rice after the invention of Indo-Japanica variety. Source:

    Crop Classification based on climatic condition [ Asked in IBPS AFO 2018, 2019]

    Crop Classification based on climatic condition [ Asked in IBPS AFO 2018, 2019]
    1) Tropical crop : Coconut, sugarcane
    2) Sub-tropical crop : Rice, cotton
    3) Temperate crop : Wheat, barley
    4) Polar crop : All pines, pasture grasses


    कृषि वैज्ञानिक भर्ती बोर्ड (ASRB) के बारे में:

    ASRB के बारे में :
    • कृषि वैज्ञानिक भर्ती बोर्ड (ASRB) की स्थापना 1 नवंबर 1973 को गजेन्द्रगढ़कर समिति की सिफारिशों के अनुसरण में एक स्वतंत्र भर्ती एजेंसी के रूप में कैबिनेट की मंजूरी के साथ हुई थी।
    • भारत सरकार ने औपचारिक रूप से 9 अगस्त, 2018 को एएसआरबी को आईसीएआर से हटा दिया गया है 
    • एएसआरबी को भारत सरकार के कृषि और किसान कल्याण मंत्रालय के तहत कृषि अनुसंधान और शिक्षा विभाग (डीएआरई) के साथ संलग्न किया गया है। 
    • DARE में ASRB के लिए एक अलग बजट हेड बनाया गया है।
    कार्य :

      • आईसीएआर के कृषि अनुसंधान सेवा (एआरएस) और ऐसे अन्य पदों और सेवाओं पर भर्ती 
      • अखिल भारतीय प्रतियोगी परीक्षा के माध्यम से एआरएस के प्रवेश स्तर के वैज्ञानिक पदों पर भर्ती।
      • राष्ट्रीय पात्रता परीक्षा (नेट) आयोजित करना, जो राज्य कृषि विश्वविद्यालयों में सहायक प्रोफेसर / व्याख्याता के रूप में प्रारंभिक भर्ती के लिए एक शर्त है 

      Horticulture MCQs

      1. From seed production point of view, the crop of carrot falls in ----------- crop :
        1. Seasonal
        2. Annual
        3. Biennial#
        4. Perennial
      2. The commercial method of propagation in mango is:
        1. Veneer grafting #
        2. T-budding
        3. Patch budding
        4. Air layering
      3. The flowers in hybrid tea rose are :
        1. Well shaped and are borne singly
        2. Large and are produced in clusters#
        3. Small and are borne in clusters
        4. All of the above
      4. Which one of the following occupies more than 50% of the total area under fruit crops in India :
        1. Apple
        2. Banana
        3. Mango#
        4. Citrus
      5. Pusa Ruby is an important variety of:
        1. Apple
        2. Brinjal
        3. Citrus
        4. Tomato#
      6. Which type of fruit is guava :
        1. Pome
        2. Stone
        3. Berry #
        4. Drupe
      7. The pungent odorous taste of onion bulbs is on account of the essential element :
        1. Ca
        2. Mg
        3. S #
        4. K
      8. The whip-tail in Brassica crops is produced due to deficiency of:
        1. Molybdenum #
        2. Manganese
        3. Sulphur
        4. Zinc
      9. Which among the following is the most salt tolerant fruit crop :
        1. Mandarin
        2. Date Palm #
        3. Grape
        4. Mango
      10. Taj-garden, Agra represents :
        1. Formal style of gardening#
        2. Informal style of gardening
        3. English style of gardening
        4. Japanese style of gardening