Area and Production of different Horticulture Crops (Second Advance Estimates of 2019-20) {[Can be asked in IBPS AFO, NABARD, JRF, BHU, SRF]}

 Area and Production of different Horticulture Crops (Second Advance Estimates of 2019-20)

  • Horticulture "the science and technique of production, processing and merchandising of fruits, spices, vegetables, flowers,plantations,aromatic  and medicinal crops".
  • The major areas of horticulture include Arboriculture is the study of trees.
  • Turf management includes all production and maintenance of turf grass for sports use. Floriculture is study of flower cultivation.Landscape horticulture includes the production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants. 
  • Olericulture is study of vegetables cultivation. 
  • Pomology is study of fruits cultivation. 
  • Viticulture  is study of grapes cultivation.Oenology includes all aspects of wine and winemaking. 
  • Post-harvest physiology includes maintaining the quality and prevent the spoilage of plants and animals.
Second Advance Estimates of 2019-20 of Area and Production of different Horticulture Crops  released by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare.

Highlights of 2019-20 (2nd Advance Estimates)      
Total Horticulture production in 2019-20 (2nd Advance Estimates) is estimated to be 3.13% higher than 2018-19. Increase in Vegetables, Fruits, Aromatics and Medicinal Plants and Flowers, while decrease in Plantation Crops and Spices, over previous year, is observed.
The Fruits production is estimated to be 99.07 Million Tonne compared to 97.97 Million Tonne production in 2018-19. It is mainly due to increase in production of Banana, Apple, Citrus and Watermelon.The production of Vegetables in 2019-20 is estimated to be 191.77 Million Tonne, compared to 183.17 Million Tonne in 2018-19.  Increase is mainly due to increased production of Onion, Tomato, Okra, Peas, Potato, etc. Onion production is estimated to be 26.74 Million Tonne, as compared to 22.82 Million Tonne in 2018-19.
Tomato production is estimated to be 20.57 Million Tonne (increase of 8.2%) as compared to 19.01 Million Tonnes in 2018-19.