Development of scientific agriculture in India

    Development of scientific agriculture in India
    • Scientific agriculture got momentum in the 19th century itself.
    • Lord Dalhousie period the ‘Upper Bari Doab Canal’ in Punjab was constructed. 
    • In Lord Curzon’s (1898-1905) period, the ‘Great Canal system of Western Punjab’ was constructed. Source:
    • Imperial Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) was started in Pusa in Bihar in 1905. His period is called as ‘Golden period of agriculture’. 
    • Due to earthquake at IARI in Pusa, Bihar it was shifted to New Delhi in 1936 and the place was called with original name Pusa. 
    • In 1926, Royal Commission on Agriculture was setup and was responsible for giving recommendation to dug canals, lay roads, etc. Source:
    • Based upon the recommendation of the Royal Commission, ICAR (Imperial Council of Agricultural Research) was started in 1929 with the objective to conduct agriculture research. 
    • State Agricultural Universities (SAU) were started after 1960s). 
    • ICAR had also started research institutes of its own in different centres in India for various crops. 
    • ICAR is the sole body, which controls all the Agricultural Research Institutes in India. 
    • It paved way for green revolution in India. After 1947, ICAR totally adapted to Land Grant Colleges. Source:
    • In 1962, a Land Grant College was started in Pantnagar (UP). It is the first university with 16,000 acres. First Agricultural University was started at Pantnagar. 
    • High yielding wheat varieties like Kalyansona, Sonalika, Lerma roja and Sonara-64 were introduced. During 1965-66, Green revolution took place in wheat first, next in rice after the invention of Indo-Japanica variety. Source: