Economic & Social Issues: For NABARD Post of Assistant Manager in Grade ‘A’ (RDBS) By Roop S. MAITRY, Ex-Scientist, ICAR

Economic & Social Issues: For NABARD Post of Assistant Manager in Grade ‘A’ (RDBS) By Roop S. MAITRY, Ex-Scientist, ICAR (Download Book PDF 100% Free) (Watch Video On Topics)

Lakshadweep is First Union Territory to become 100% Declared an Organic Union Territory


Recently in news


  • Under the Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) of India, entire Lakshadweep group of islands has been declared as an organic agricultural area
  • It is the first Union Territory to become 100% organic as all farming is carried out without the use of chemical/synthetic fertilizers and pesticides

Key Point Of Lakshadweep 

  • It is India’s smallest Union Territory.
  • It is an archipelago consisting of 36 islands.
  • There are three main group of islands: (1) Amindivi Islands; (2) Laccadive Islands; (3) Minicoy Island.
  • All are tiny islands of coral origin (Atoll) and are surrounded by fringing reefs.

Participatory Guarantee System

  • Implemented by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare (MoA & FW)
  • PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards.
  • The certification is in the form of a documented logo or a statement.
  • It is only for farmers or communities that can organise and perform as a group within a village or a cluster of contiguous villages.
  • It is applicable only to farm activities such as crop production, processing, and livestock rearing, and off-farm processing by PGS farmers of their direct products.

Micro-irrigation projects


Recently Agri-New

  • Government of India sanctioned a loan of 3,971 crores of rupees for micro irrigation projects in Tamil Nadu.  (November 20, 2020)
  • This is one of the biggest loans being sanctioned for the state of Tamil Nadu. 
  • The loan has been sanctioned at subsidised interest rate under micro irrigation fund. 
  • The micro irrigation fund was created within the National bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, NABARD. 
  • The micro irrigation funds are used only to implement micro irrigation project

Saffron bowl to expand to the North East soon


Recently Agri-New

  • The saffron bowl, was so far confined to Kashmir, may soon expand to the North East of India.
  • Plants which were transported from Kashmir to Sikkim, acclimatized there and are now flowering in Yangyang in the Southern part of Sikkim. 

Key Point

  • Saffron production has long been restricted to a limited geographical area in the Union territory of J&K.
  • Though the National Mission on Saffron focused on several measures to improve its farming, the measures were still limited to the specified areas of Kashmir.
  • North East Centre For Technology Application and Reach (NECTAR), an autonomous body under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India supported a pilot project to explore the feasibility of growing saffron in North East region of India, with the same quality and higher quantity.
  • The Botany and Horticulture department of Sikkim Central University carried out tests to understand the soil and actual pH conditions of Yangyang of Sikkim and found it comparable to saffron growing places of Kashmir.

IFFCO Bazar partners with SBI YONO Krishi App : Boosting accessibility of Quality Agri-products in India


  • IFFCO Bazar the e-commerce arm of IFFCO has announced its integration with the SBI YONO Krishi, which is the dedicated portal catering to the farmer’s needs. 
  • This will insure that a wide variety of agriculture products are made accessible to lakhs of Indian Farmers. 
  • Hassle free payment portal of SBI YONO and quality products of IFFCO is a combination which aims to drive the digital sales in this segment.
  • IFFCO Bazar  
    • one of the fast growing agriculture based e-commerce portals in India, promoted by IFFCO, biggest fertiliser manufacturer in the country.
    • The portal is available in 12 Indian languages and promises free home delivery pan India. It also operates 1200+ stores in 26 states across India. 
    • A wide variety of products which include, speciality fertilisers, organic agri-inputs, seeds, agrochemicals, agri-machinery amongst others are made available on the portal. 
    • "Finance and Fertilisers are two critical inputs for the farmers. With the partnership between SBI YONO and two of the biggest Indian institutions in their respective sectors can finally collaborate to get the best quality agri-inputs at the doorstep of farmers" 

Ginger Production {Can be asked in IBPS AFO, NABARD, IFFCO AGT, JRF, SRF}

Recently Agri-News
  • India is the second largest producer of Ginger in the World. 
  • India contributes 23% of the world’s 

Ginger Production
  • It is obtained from the rhizomes of Zingiber officinale.
  • It is very important commercial crop grown for its aromatic rhizomes which is used both as a spices and medicine. Ginger is valued for the dried ginger spice and preserved, crystallised ginger. Ginger is a perennial plant but is usually grown as an annual for harvesting as a spice.
  • Ginger oil is obtained from the root of the herb Zingiber officinale.
Characteristics of Ginger
  • It shall be dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale Rose, in pieces, irregular in shape, pale brown in colour.
  • Its fibrous content shall be characteristic of the variety with peel not entirely removed.
  • It shall be lime bleached.
  • It shall have characteristic taste and flavour and shall not have a musty odour or a rancid or bitter taste.
  • It shall be free from added colouring matter.
  • It shall be free from mould growth and living insects and practically free from dead insects, insect fragments and rodent contamination.

Kisan Suryodaya Yojana {Can be asked in IBPS AFO, NABARD, IFFCO AGT, JRF, SRF}

Recently Agri-News

  1. Indian Prime Minister launched the Kisan Suryodaya Yojana in Gujarat. 
  2. Under the scheme, 16 hours of power supply shall be provided to farmers.

Key Point

  1. Objective: To provide day-time power supply for irrigation. 
  2. Under this scheme, farmers will be able to avail power supply from 5 AM to 9 PM.
  3. The state government has allocated a budget of Rs.3500 crore for installing transmission infrastructure under this scheme by 2023.
  4. 234 ‘66-Kilowatt’ transmission lines will be established under the project, in addition to 220 KV substations.
  5. Districts to be covered in initial phase: Dahod, Patan, Mahisagar, Panchmahal, Chhota Udepur, Kheda, Tapi, Valsad, Anand and Gir-Somnath have been 
  6. The remaining districts will be covered in a phase-wise manner by 2022-23.

Recently, the restoration process of seagrasses {Can be asked in IBPS AFO, NABARD, IFFCO AGT, JRF, SRF}

Recent Agri-news: Recently, the restoration process of seagrasses is taken up by Tamil Nadu in the Gulf of Mannar


  • These are flowering plants that grow submerged in shallow marine waters like bays and lagoons.
  • These have tiny flowers and strap-like or oval leaves.
  • Seagrasses evolved from terrestrial plants that recolonised the ocean around 70-100 million years ago.
  • Seagrasses also produce food by photosynthesis 
  • They reproduce sexually as well as asexually.
  • Some of the important seagrasses: 
    • Sea Cow Grass (Cymodocea serrulata)
    • Thready Seagrass (Cymodocea rotundata)
    • Needle Seagrass (Syringodium isoetifolium)
    • Flat-tipped Seagrass (Halodule uninervis), etc.

India assumes Chairmanship of ILO Governing Body {Can be asked in IBPS AFO, NABARD, IFFCO AGT, JRF, SRF}

 Recent Agri Current affair News 

  • After 35 years, India has assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of International Labour Organization (ILO).
  • Labour & Employment Secretary Apurva Chandra has been elected as the Chairperson for the period October 2020-June 2021.
  • Functions of ILO :
    • It takes decisions on ILO policy
    • It decides the agenda of the International Labour Conference (ILC) 
    • It adopts the draft programme and budget
    • It elects the Director-General
                                                                    Apurva Chandra

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)


  • Recently, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) has been digitally launched.

  • Various other initiatives in the fisheries and animal husbandry sectors have also been launched on the occasion.


  • Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne and increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.

  • Double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers.

  • Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.

  • Generate an additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in the fisheries sector and allied activities.

  • Budget and Time Period:

    • An estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crore for a period of 5 years from financial year (FY) 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.

    • This investment is the highest ever in the fisheries sector yet

Key Fact Points

  • PMMSY is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country as a part of the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Package.

Aims and  Objectives 

  • Adopting ‘Cluster or Area-based Approaches’ and creating fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.

  • Harnessing of fisheries potential in a sustainable, responsible, inclusive and

equitable manner

  • Enhancing of fish production and productivity through expansion,

  • intensification, diversification and productive utilization of land and water

  • Modernizing and strengthening of value chain - post-harvest management

  • and quality improvement

  • Doubling fishers and fish farmers incomes and generation of employment 

  • Enhancing contribution to Agriculture GVA and exports

  • Social, physical and economic security for fishers and fish farmers

  • Robust fisheries management and regulatory framework